Outline of the Course

The remainder of this paper builds a framework to develop an understandable English accent.  Ultimately, it places emphasis on the rhythm of English and on sentence stress. A simple declarative …

Place and Manner of Articulation

On the table,  Consonant Chart with English Highlighted, the vertical axis is the manner of articulation and the horizontal axis is the point of articulation. The manner of articulation is …

Accent Course Introduction

This course is meant as background material learning the sound of spoken English. It is unusual in that its primary focus is on the sounds and rhythm of English. It …

R Colored Vowels

1.1.1        R-Colored Vowels   1.        [ɚ] – Overwhelm [oʊvɚˈwɛlm̩] Stir [stɚ] 2.        [ɝ] Early [ɝli] Bird   [bɝd] Worm [wɝm] 3.        [ɑr] Art [ɑrt] Start [stɑrt] Star [stɑr] …

The /t/ Phoneme and its Allophones

When we hear /t/, we could be hearing sounds that are quite different. In English, the differences to not change the meaning of the words the way the difference between …

Distinctive Sounds

What makes two words different from each other?  It’s obvious, they have different sounds, “bat,” is a different word that “pat” because “b” is a different sound that “p.” “Pin” …

Varieties of English Accents

You should be aware that there are many English accents.  England has, at least, 40 and the US has regional accents with sub accents and has, at least, that many …